Avasolar is reader-supported. When you buy via our links, we may earn a commission at no cost to you. Learn more

How to Build a Solar Farm from Scratch Step by Step?

Written by K. Miller / Fact checked by J. Fussell

how to build solar farm

The use of solar energy is becoming more popular across the globe. Indeed, more and more people are acknowledging the massive change in solar power costs. If you’re learning about solar energy, you may have heard of solar farms.

Solar farms significantly help utility firms optimize their energy production capacity and power communities. Hence, they minimize environmental waste. Would you like to know how to build a solar farm?

To do so, you must strive to meet some specific requirements and regulations to start operating your solar farm. Some of the critical considerations you need to go through before erecting your solar farm business include:

  • Conducting comprehensive research and preparing a business plan
  • Completing the legal requirements and finding a land space for solar panel system installation
  • Erecting the structure, delivering proposals to individuals and firms, and choosing a unique solar farm business name

In this post, we’ll tackle the practical steps to start building the solar farm of your dreams.

What Makes Solar Farms Well-Known Worldwide

Solar farms are renowned globally because they provide plenty of benefits. You can utilize the land of a solar farm for pasturing small livestock continuously. Moreover, you can quickly transform the land back to its original state in the future.

Solar farms employ and promote green technology; hence, they help form healthier communities with quick access to affordable, safe, and clean energy.

Not to mention, solar farms are worthwhile investments because they allow landowners to earn more using their unoccupied lands.

Best of all, they can ensure a high ROI because you can set aside some bucks on your energy bills, and the costs for maintenance are not as high as you imagine. In addition, solar panels do not come with moving components, and their components are set up within soundproof boxes. As a result, they don’t generate disturbing noise.

Essentially, they can serve as a consistent power source. Nowadays, many universities and research institutions are organizing solar farms to sufficiently and efficiently power their grounds.

More importantly, since solar farms are low maintenance, you won’t have to deal with high maintenance and support once set up. They can work for over 20 years and won’t call for frequent checkups but semi-annual cleaning.

How to Build a Solar Farm from Scratch Step by Step


When you start a solar farm, it’s critical to dig up more about the solar power industry. Being insightful about the different products and options available, the installation process and solutions for homeowners and business owners is a must.

To succeed in creating a solar farm, you must learn how to establish strong relationships with sales consultants and suppliers.

So, how to build your own solar farm from scratch step by step?

There are several steps needed before you can start building the solar farm of your dreams. When creating a solar farm, it’s a must to follow some quick steps to succeed in your goals.

Step 1: Conduct thorough research.

It is crucial to research the solar farm thoroughly. You have to be knowledgeable about the capital required to build one. Besides, you need to check the solar farmland requirements and figure out the cost per acre of solar panels.

You also need to understand some facts linked to solar farm’s ROI and learn more about the other investors in the solar power projects. Likewise, you need to explore the potential issues you might encounter and how to resolve them.

Step 2: Ensure that the business plan is well-prepared.

Once you have done thorough research, the next step is to get the business plan ready. It is best to ask the help of professionals when developing your business plan, although you have done exhaustive research.

Substantially, the business plan will provide you with return on investment and cost estimates. It should also cover a minimum of ten years of business.

Step 3: Complete the legal requirements.

Getting legal backing for your solar farm is a must. After you have finalized the solar plan investment farm’s business plan, you may start the process of getting your firm registered.

In the same way, you must obtain the permissions required for building a solar farm. To successfully manage the entire process, you may need the assistance of a lawyer.

Step 4: Find the land for setting up the solar panel systems.

Your solar farm will require some space to install the solar panel systems. This is why there’s a requirement for land to start creating the business. A minimum of 15 acres of land is required to get started.

Investors who have the funding ready can buy the land right away. However, if you don’t prefer to buy, leasing the land is the option for you. Keep in mind that the leasing contract should be a minimum of 50 years.

This period can guarantee that there won’t be any necessity to disassemble the solar panel systems too early.

Step 5: Build the structure.

In this step, you’ll need to construct the photovoltaic power structures. Fortunately, you won’t have a hard time looking for firms that will handle the project of mounting the solar farm since there are lots of them.

Such firms are also accountable for maintenance and renovation tasks. Undoubtedly, working with one firm for such a long-term project is more straightforward and better than working with multiple firms.

Step 6: Release the proposals to individuals and firms.

Several individuals or firms may inquire about the terms of service while the construction is ongoing. Once the solar farm structure is wholly constructed, you could contact industries, firms, and individuals and discuss the services you offer.

Aside from these, it’s crucial to tackle the service costs and payment options of utilizing your solar farm business power.

Step 7: Select your solar farm’s business name.

Indeed, it’s valuable to choose an appropriate and unique name for your solar farm business. It is crucial to have a name that significantly differentiates your business from other firms offering the same service.

Meanwhile, you might also want to check out this video explaining additional detailed info and steps on how to start erecting your solar farm business:

How Does a Solar Farm Business Work

Utilizing unused land, usually perceived as farmland, and plenty of solar panels, a solar farm transforms solar power into electricity. The produced energy is transmitted again into the electric grid. The local electricity firm pays the owner for the produced energy.

The underlying standards are identical to a solar panel operation set up on the homeowner’s rooftop; the only difference is that this one is for a broader scope. To generate and sell power to the local utility and earn money, a solar farm employs a vast piece of land.

Are There Ongoing Costs for a Solar Farm Business

Yes. Some of the ongoing costs for your solar farm business include insurance, financial advisor and lawyer fees, mortgage, licensing, and property taxes. Investors providing extra services aside from land leasing will also need to consider travel expenses, payroll costs, as well as higher insurance expenditures.

FAQs on How to Start Building your Solar Farm Business


When setting up a solar farm, how is the plant cleaned and maintained?

Keeping the plant clean is vital to ensure that you can maintain the efficiency of the solar panels. Interestingly, solar-operated robots execute an excellent job of cleaning the solar panels.

How do the electrical connections work for solar farms?

There’s no denying that the location of the land is highly essential. It requires being near power lines or electrical panels to link to a particular centralized power source.

How many solar panels are needed when constructing your solar farm?

To figure out how many panels you’ll require for the array, you have to begin with the required kWh of energy. When computing, you have to determine the amount of energy a specific solar panel will generate by finding out the solar panel generation ratio for your location.

Luckily, you can use calculators to verify the upfront costs and long-term savings assessments based on your location and type of roof.

How many acres of land are necessary when erecting a solar farm?

Large utility-scale farms commonly call for hundred acres of land. On the other hand, a few acres of land will work fine for small-sized farms.


In this article, you have learned the required steps on how to build a solar farm. As discussed, solar farms generate green energy. They can provide ample benefits that might convince you to invest in solar systems.

Conclusively, carefully following the steps on building the solar farm of your dreams can help you get started successfully.

5/5 - (3 votes)